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Inequality hinders Arab world development

Recent political instability has had a negative effect on life-expectancy, living standards and other core development indicators, despite gains in education and health in the three decades between 1980 and 2010. The United Nations Development Partnership’s latest Human Development Index for the Arab region highlights growing inequality as a particularly worrying recent phenomenon. The region’s overall development score suffers an average loss of 24.9% when the UNDP’s benchmark Index is adjusted for inequalities, a full 2% above the world average loss. Inequality is widest in the education component of the inequality-adjusted Index, at about 38%.
The negative impact of conflict stands out as another key finding in the UNDP regional report. Between 2000–2003 and 2010–2015 the number of armed conflicts in the region rose from four to eleven. Although the Arab world is home to only 5% of the world’s population, it has witnessed 17% of the world’s conflicts between 1948 and 2014, and 45% of the world’s terrorist attacks in 2014. Widespread unemployment represents an important backdrop to the development struggles and conflict of Arab countries. Three in every 10 (29.73%) young Arab adults are out of work, more than double the...

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Subscribe to read: CSR Cheat Sheet: 2nd December 2016

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